• Abigail J. Sellen
  • Steve Whittaker


Rather than try to capture everything, system design should focus on the psychological basis of human memory.


  1. Abowd, G. Classroom 2000: An experiment with the instrumentation of a living educational environment. IBM Systems Journal (Special Issue on Pervasive Computing) 38, 4 (Oct. 1999), 508–530.
  2. Bell, G. and Gemmell, J. Total Recall: How the E-Memory Revolution Will Change Everything. Dutton, New York, 2009.
  3. Bergman, O., Beyth-Marom, R., Nachmias R., Gradovitch, N., and Whittaker S. Improved search engines and navigation preference in personal information management. ACM Transactions on Office Information Systems 26, 4 (Sept. 2008), 1–24.
  4. Berry, E., Kapur, N., Williams, L., Hodges, S., Watson, P., Smyth, G., Srinivasan, J., Smith, R., Wilson, B., and Wood, K. The use of a wearable camera: SenseCam as a pictorial diary to improve autobiographical memory in a patient with limbic encephalitis. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 17, 4/5 (2007), 582–681.
  5. Brewer, W. Memory for randomly sampled autobiographical events. In Remembering Reconsidered: Ecological and Traditional Approaches to the Study of Memory, U. Neisser and E. Winograd, Eds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 1988, 21–90.
  6. Brown, A. Metacognition, executive control, self-regulation, and other mysterious mechanisms. In Metacognition, Motivation, and Understanding, F.E. Weinert and R.H. Kluwe, Eds. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1987, 65–116.
  7. Bush, V. As we may think. Atlantic Monthly 176, 1 (July 1945), 101–108.
  8. Conway, M. Autobiographical Memory. Open University Press, Milton Keynes, U.K., 1990.
  9. Czerwinski, M., Gage, D., Gemmell, J., Marshall, C., Perez-Quinonesis, M., Skeels, M., and Catarci, T. Digital memories in an era of ubiquitous computing and abundant storage. Commun. ACM 49, 1 (Jan. 2006), 44–50.
  10. Dumais, S., Cutrell, E., Cadiz, J., Jancke, G., Sarin R., and Robbins D. Stuff I’ve seen: A system for personal information retrieval and re-use. In Proceedings of the Conference of the Special Interest Group on Information Retrieval (Toronto, 2003). ACM Press, New York, 2003, 72–79.
  11. Freeman, E. and Fertig, S. Lifestreams: Organizing your electronic life. In Proceedings of the AAAI Fall Symposium on AI Applications in Knowledge Navigation and Retrieval (Cambridge, MA, Nov.). AAAI Press, Menlo Park, CA, 1995.
  12. Gemmell, J., Bell, G., and Lueder, R. MyLifeBits: A personal database for everything. Commun. ACM 49, 1 (Jan. 2006), 88–95.
  13. Harper, R., Randall, D., Smyth, N., Evans, C., Heledd, L., and Moore, R. The past is a different place: They do things differently there. In Proceedings of the Conference on Designing Interactive Systems. ACM Press, New York, 2008, 271–280.
  14. Hodges, S., Williams, L., Berry, E., Izadi, S., Srinivasan, J., Butler, A., Smyth, G., Kapur, N., and Wood, K. SenseCam: A retrospective memory aid. In Proceedings of Ubicomp (Orange County, CA, Sept.). Springer, Berlin, 2006, 177–193.
  15. Hori, T. and Aizawa, K. Context-based video retrieval system for the lifelog applications. In Proceedings of the ACM Workshop on Multimedia Information Retrieval (Berkeley, CA, Nov.). ACM Press, New York, 2003, 31–38.
  16. Kalnikaite, V. and Whittaker, S. Software or wetware? Discovering when and why people use digital prosthetic memory. In Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (San Jose, CA, Apr.–May). ACM Press, New York, 2007, 71–80.
  17. Lamming, M., Brown, P., Carter, K., Eldridge, M., Flynn, M., Louie, G., Robinson, P., and Sellen, A. The design of a human memory prosthesis. Computer Journal 37, 3 (Jan. 1994), 153–163.
  18. Mann, S. Wearable computing: A first step toward personal imaging. Computer 30, 2 (Feb. 1997), 25–32.
  19. Petrelli, D. and Whittaker, S. Family memories in the home: Contrasting physical and digital mementos. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 14, 2, (Feb. 2010), 153–169.
  20. Richter, H., Miller, C., Abowd, G., and Funk, H. Tagging knowledge acquisition to facilitate knowledge traceability. International Journal on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering 14, 1 (Feb. 2004), 3–19.
  21. Russell, D.M. and Lawrence, S. Search everything. In Personal Information Management, W. Jones and J. Teevan, Eds. University of Washington Press, Seattle, 2007.
  22. Schacter, D. The Seven Sins of Memory: How the Mind Forgets and Remembers. Houghton Mifflin, New York, 2001.
  23. Sellen, A., Fogg, A., Hodges, S., Rother, C., and Wood, K. Do lifelogging technologies support memory for the past? An experimental study using SenseCam. In Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (San Jose, CA, Apr.–May). ACM Press, New York, 2007, 81–90.
  24. Sellen, A., Louie, G., Harris, J., and Wilkins, A. What brings intentions to mind? An in situ study of prospective memory. Memory 5, 4 (July 1997), 483–507.
  25. Tulving, E. Elements of Episodic Memory. Oxford University Press, New York, 1983.
  26. Vermuri, S., Schmandt, C., Bender, W., Tellex, S., and Lassey, B. An audio-based personal memory aid. In Proceedings of Ubicomp (Nottingham, U.K., Sept.). Springer, Berlin, 2004, 400–417.
  27. Whittaker, S., Bergman, O., and Clough, P. Easy on that trigger dad: A study of long-term family photo retrieval. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 14, 1 (Jan. 2010), 31–43.
  28. Whittaker, S., Tucker, S., Swampillai, K., and Laban, R. Design and evaluation of systems to support interaction capture and retrieval. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 12, 3 (Mar. 2008), 197–221.